But aren't we suppose to avoid repeating words when we write?
Sure. If you don't need to. But sometimes you just NEED to. What do I mean? How can we do this?
How to use repetition in sentences and paragraphs:
Here is a BAD example of repeating words:
Clare walked up to the door, opened the door, and when she saw it was her ex, she slammed the door in his face.
Here are some GOOD examples of repeating words or ideas:
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolisness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to heaven, we were all going direct the other way...
-- Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens
Let us not wallow in the valley of despair. I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal." I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state, sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today.
- — Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
How can we do this in a chapter?
Have a point. What do you want the reader to get from the chapter? For instance, in one of my novels, my MC is missing her best friend over the Christmas holidays (I haven't actually looked at the chapter's exact sentences but I think you'll get the point).
I opened the chapter with something like...
I hate Christmas.
Later in the chapter, the best friend returns home and she admits,
Christmas is not so bad.
When the best friend gives her a really thoughtful gift, the chapter ends with her saying,
Christmas is the best time of the year.
The chapter is more powerful when you read it in its entirety but I think you get the point. You can repeat words or phrases throughout a chapter for effect.
When have you seen REPETITION used? Do you like using these devices?
Sources: Wikipedia, about.com, The Writing-Lover's Website